INTERCITY BUS ROUTES - HISTORY

MICHIGAN

Great Lakes Greyhound Lines was the most significant bus company in Michigan, while Trailways had a minor presence. Great Lakes Greyhound Lines had evolved from the Detroit United Railway and the Michigan Electric Railway, which had operated interurban trains. Interurban railways are indicated in CAPITAL LETTERS.


1976 MAP

Color coded map shows intercity bus routes in existence in 1976.

Blue indicates Greyhound, red indicates Trailways. Additional colors indicate significant independent bus companies, and are identified with labels. Black indicates smaller independent companies.

Thin blue or red lines indicate routes which were once part of Greyhound or Trailways, but later transferred to independent bus companies.

Upper Peninsula

Lower Peninsula




US    2005/1976     Cities    Greyhound or   Year     Original   Year     Consol-
Hwy.  Russell's     Served    Trailways      Intro-   Company    Consol-  idated
No.   Guide                   Company or     duced               idated   Company
      Table                   Division

  2 1484  378  S. Ste. Marie-St. Ignace  GLG     1931  Great Lakes M.   1937 GLG
  2  326  528  St. Ignace-Escanaba       NGL     1933  Northl. Deluxe.  1938 NGL
  2  326  528  Escanaba-Iron Mountain    NGL     1926  Gray Transport.  1939 NGL
  2  326  528  Iron Mountain-Ironwood    NGL           Northwestern MB  1939 NGL
  I            DETROIT-FLINT                 1901-1931  EASTERN MICHIGAN
 10  248  378  Detroit-Flint             GLG     1923  White Star       1924 GLG
  I            FLINT-BAY CITY                1909-1929  MICHIGAN ELECTRIC
 10  248  378  Flint-Bay City            GLG           Northern Trans.  1935 GLG
 10       378  Bay City-Clare            GLG     1931  Great Lakes M.   1937 GLG
 10            Clare-Reed City           GLG     1942  ---------------  1942 GLG
 10            Reed City-Ludington       GLG     1928  Dahringer B&T    1942 GLG
  I            DETROIT-JACKSON MI            1898-1929  EASTERN MICHIGAN
 12  250  382  Detroit-Jackson MI        GLG     1922  Highway Motorb.  1924 GLG
  I            JACKSON MI-KALAMAZOO          1900-1928  MICHIGAN ELECTRIC
 12  250  382  Jackson MI-Kalamazoo      GLG     1925  Southern Mich.   1935 GLG
 12  250  382  Kalamazoo-New Buffalo     CGL           Carey & Leach    1928 SMCL
 16  242  375  Detroit-Grand Rapids      GLG     1922  Highway Motorb.  1924 GLG
  I            GRAND RAPIDS-MUSKEGON         1902-1928  G.R. G.H. & MUSK.
 16  242  375  Grand Rapids-Muskegon     CGL     1924  Safety Motor C.  1926 SMCL
 23 1485 1467  Mackinaw City-Cheboygan   GLG     1941  Huron Shore Bus  1945 GLG
 23            Cheboygan-Rogers City     GLG     1941  Huron Shore Bus  1945 GLG
 23 1485 1465  Rogers City-Alpena        GLG           Rivets Bus Line  1945 GLG
 23 1485  378  Alpena-East Tawas         GLG           Rivets Bus Line  1945 GLG
 23 1485  378  East Tawas-Bay City       GLG     1941  Huron Shore Bus  1945 GLG
 23      1568  Flint-Ann Arbor                 Short Way Lines/North Star Lines
 23      1424  Ann Arbor-Toledo                Short Way Lines
 25            Port Austin-Port Huron    GLG     1943  ---------------  1943 GLG
  I            PORT HURON-DETROIT            1899-1930  EASTERN MICHIGAN
 25       384  Port Huron-Detroit        GLG     1923  White Star       1924 GLG
  I            DETROIT-TOLEDO                1901-1932  EASTERN MICHIGAN
 25  444  388  Detroit-Toledo            GLG           Detroit-Toledo   1924 GLG
 25      7814  Detroit-Toledo            ABI(T)  1933  Safeway Lines    1937 NTR
 27       378  St. Ignace-Clare          GLG     1931  Great Lakes M.   1937 GLG
 27      1567  Clare-St. Johns           GLG           Mt. Pleasant-SJ  1945 GLG
  I            ST. JOHNS-LANSING             1904-1929  MICHIGAN ELECTRIC
 27      1567  St. Johns-Lansing         GLG           Lansing-SJ Bus   1945 GLG
 27      1482  Lansing-Marshall                Short Way Lines/Indian Trails
 27      1580  Marshall-Angola IN              Short Way Lines/North Star Lines
 31 1484 1567  St. Ignace-Petoskey       GLG     1931  Great Lakes M.   1937 GLG
 31      1577  Petoskey-Traverse City    CGL     1925  Safety Motor C.  1927 DBT  
 31      1577  Traverse City-Ludington   CGL     1926  Dahringer B&T    1926 DBT  
 31      1577  Ludington-Holland         CGL     1925  Safety Motor C.  1926 SMCL
 31  244  376  Holland-Benton Harbor     CGL     1925  Safety Motor C.  1926 SMCL
  I            BENTON HARBOR-SOUTH BEND      1903-1934  NORTHERN INDIANA
 31      1315A Benton Harbor-South Bend  CGL                            1928 SMCL
 41  324  527  Calumet-Escanaba          NGL     1933  Northl. Deluxe.  1938 NGL
 41  324  527  Escanaba-Marinette        NGL     1926  Gray Transport.  1939 NGL
 45            Ontonagon-Bruce Crossing        Superior Shore Line
112       380  Jackson MI-Niles          CGL     1925  Interstate Sta.  1926 SMCL
112            Niles-New Buffalo         CGL     1925  Interstate Sta.  1926 SMCL
  I            LANSING-JACKSON MI            1909-1929  MICHIGAN ELECTRIC
127      1567  Lansing-Jackson MI        GLG     1925  Southern Mich.   1935 GLG
131 1484  378  Petoskey-Elmira           GLG
131 1484 1567  Elmira-Mancelona                Smith Bus Line/North Star Lines
131 1484 1567  Mancelona-Grand Rapids          North Star Lines
  I            GRAND RAPIDS-KALAMAZOO        1915-1928  MICHIGAN RAILROAD
131 1484  377  Grand Rapids-Kalamazoo    GLG     1925  Rapid Transp.    1935 GLG
131  243  377  Kalamazoo-South Bend      GLG           Short Way        1950 GLG
223      1567  Somerset-Toledo                 Short Way Lines/North Star Lines


INTERCITY ROUTES VIA STATE HIGHWAYS

Additional bus and interurban rail routes along Michigan state highways.

Russell's Guide Table Numbers

Greyhound tables had numbers below 700, while Trailways tables had numbers above 7000. Table numbers in between were independent bus companies. Although Greyhound Lines of Canada, not covered here, had tables numbered in the low 700's.

Where no table number is indicated, service had been discontinued by then.

Further clues on Greyhound or Trailways affiliations are the presence of a "G" or a "T" in a company abbreviation. Trailways company abbreviations are followed by a "(T)". While abbreviations of certain Greyhound companies not obviously "Greyhound" in name are followed by a "(G)".

Over the years, certain Greyhound or Trailways or other routes were sold to the following independent bus companies, identified by the following Russell's Guide table numbers.



1315-1323  Indiana Motor Bus
1454-1456  Valley Coach Lines
1461       The Bee Line
1465       Smith Bus Line
1467       Delta Bus Co.
1482-1488  Indian Trails
1567-1580  North Star Lines



GREYHOUND BUS COMPANIES

Great Lakes Greyhound Lines (GLG) - formed in 1928 as Eastern Michigan Motorbuses, a bus subsidiary of Eastern Michigan Railway (Detroit United Railway prior to 1928), renamed 1941 to Great Lakes Greyhound Lines. Consolidated 1957 into Central Division of Greyhound.

Central Greyhound Lines (CGL) - incorporated 1936 as merger of Eastern Greyhound Lines of Michigan and two companies in New York, consolidated 1955 into Eastern Division of Greyhound. Eastern Greyhound Lines of Michigan had been incorporated in 1924 as Safety Motor Coach Lines (SMCL), acquired in 1926 by Greyhound predecessor Motor Transit Corp. as a subsidiary, and renamed in 1930 to Eastern Greyhound Lines of Michigan. One isolated route between Traverse City and Petoskey was sold in 1927 to Dahringer Bus & Taxi Co. (DBT), which was developing a network of routes around Ludington. The route between Petoskey and Ludington later became part of North Star Lines, but in 1948 was sold to Great Lakes Greyhound Lines.

Northland Greyhound Lines (NGL) - incorporated 1929, acquiring Northland Transportation Co. (NTC) which had been incorporated in 1924, consolidated 1957 into Central Division of Greyhound.


TRAILWAYS BUS COMPANIES

American Buslines (ABI) - incorporated 1935 as All American Bus Lines, renamed 1946 to American Buslines and joined Trailways, sold 1953 to Transcontinental Bus System/Continental Trailways.

EARLIER TRAILWAYS COMPANIES

Some of the more obscure Trailways member companies, which eventually became part of the nationwide Trailways system.

Northern Trails/Northern Trailways (NTR) - formed 1937, in 1939 joined Trailways, sold 1944 to All American Bus Lines, renamed 1946 to American Buslines and rejoined Trailways, sold 1953 to Transcontinental Bus System.


INDEPENDENT BUS COMPANIES

Maps and further information on the significant independent bus companies, serving Michigan.


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