INTERCITY BUS ROUTES - HISTORY

IOWA

Overland Greyhound Lines and Burlington Trailways were the most significant bus companies in Iowa. Those two companies were affiliated with the Chicago & North Western Railroad and the Chicago Burlington & Quincy Railroad respectively, the most significant railroads operating in the state. A few bus companies either competed with or were owned by Interurban Railways, indicated in CAPITAL LETTERS.


1976 MAP

Color coded map shows intercity bus routes in existence in 1976.

Blue indicates Greyhound, red indicates Trailways. Additional colors indicate significant independent bus companies, and are identified with labels. Black indicates smaller independent companies.

Thin blue or red lines indicate routes which were once part of Greyhound or Trailways, but later transferred to independent bus companies.




US    2005/1976     Cities    Greyhound or   Year     Original   Year     Consol-
Hwy.  Russell's     Served    Trailways      Intro-   Company    Consol-  idated
No.   Guide                   Company or     duced               idated   Company
      Table                   Division

  6  350  558  Davenport-Omaha           OGL     1929  Mohawk Stage L.  1929 PIG
 18       753  Charles City-Mason City         Jefferson Transportation Co.
 18       924  Mason City-Spencer              Jefferson Trans./Scenic Hawkeye
 18            Spencer-Sheldon                 Sioux Lines
 20 7098 1004  Dubuque-Waterloo                Iowa Coaches
 20      1004  Waterloo-Fort Dodge             Iowa Coaches
  I            WEBSTER CITY-FORT DODGE       1916-1927  FT DODGE DES M
 20  752  563  Webster City-Fort Dodge   OGL     1926  Ft Dodge Des M.  1931 ITL
 20      1004  Fort Dodge-Early                Sioux Lines/Iowa Coaches
 20            Early-Sioux City                Sioux Lines
 30       559  Clinton-Cedar Rapids      OGL     1927  ---------------  1927 YEL
 30       559  Cedar Rapids-Ames         OGL     1927  ---------------  1927 YEL
 30       559  Ames-Omaha                OGL     1927  ---------------  1927 YEL
 34 7096 8380  Burlington-Ottumwa        BTC(T)  1935  ---------------  1935 BTC
 34      8380  Ottumwa-Albia             BTC(T)  1935  ---------------  1935 BTC
 34            Albia-Red Oak             BTC(T)  1935  ---------------  1935 BTC
 34      8365  Red Oak-Glenwood          BTC(T)        Iowa Transit     1929 BTC
 52            Sabula-Dubuque                  River Trails Transit Lines
 52            Dubuque-Postville               Jefferson Transportation Co.
 52       920  Postville-Rochester MN          Jefferson Trans./Scenic Hawkeye
 59            Sibley-Ida Grove                Hawkeye Stages
 61       987A Dubuque-Davenport         OGL           Crandic Stages   1934 ITL
 61 7095 8387  Davenport-Burlington      BTC(T)  1935  ---------------  1935 BTC
  I            DAVENPORT-MUSCATINE           1912-1938  C. D. & M. RY.
 61 7095 8387  Davenport-Muscatine       BTC(T)  1938  M. D. & C. Bus   1944 BTC
 61 7095 8387  Muscatine-Keokuk          BTC(T)  1936  M. C. Foster     1943 BTC
 63       923  Spring Valley-Waterloo          Scenic Hawkeye Stages
 63            Waterloo-Ottumwa                Arrow Coach Lines
 65       751  Albert Lea MN-Des Moines        Jefferson Transportation Co.
 65            Des Moines-Princeton MO         South Central Stages
 67            Dubuque-Clinton                 River Trails Transit Lines
  I            CLINTON-DAVENPORT             1904-1940  C. D. & M. RY.
 67      1173  Clinton-Davenport         BTC(T)  1940  M. D. & C. Bus   1944 BTC
 69  750  751  Albert Lea MN-Bethany MO        Jefferson Transportation Co.
 69       563  Webster City-Ames         OGL     1926  Ft Dodge Des M.  1931 ITL
 69 7096  563  Ames-Des Moines           OGL     1925  Ft Dodge Des M.  1931 ITL
 69            Des Moines-Leon           BTC(T)
 71       535  Spirit Lake-Odebolt       OGL     1926  ---------------  1926 ITL
 71            Odebolt-Shenandoah              Hawkeye Stages
 71            Tenville Jct.-Clarinda    BTC(T)  1930  ---------------  1930 BTC
 75       874  Pipestone MN-Sioux City   NGL     1930  ---------------  1930
 75            Sioux City-Omaha          OGL     1922  Boulevard Tr.    1924 ITL
151       568  Dubuque-Monticello        OGL           Laude & Huntoon  1934 ITL
151       568  Monticello-Cedar Rapids   OGL           Crandic Stages   1934 ITL
151            Cedar Rap.-Williamsburg         Missouri Transit Co.
169            Algona-Fort Dodge               Sioux Lines/Fort Dodge Transp. Co.
169            Fort Dodge-Adel                 Cornhusker Bus Lines
169            Winterset-Albany MO       BTC(T)
218       753  Owatonna MN-Waterloo            Jefferson Transportation Co.
218 7097 8387  Cedar Rapids-Iowa City    BTC(T)  1936  M. C. Foster     1943 BTC
218            Cedar Rapids-Ft. Madison        Bee Line Transit
275      8365  Omaha-Sidney              BTC(T)        Iowa Transit     1929 BTC
  S       535  Fairmont MN-Spirit Lake   OGL     1926  ---------------  1926 ITL
  S       535  Odebolt-Omaha             OGL     1926  ---------------  1926 ITL
  S       564  Des Moines-Cedar Falls    OGL           Ft Dodge Des M.  1931 ITL
  S 7096  565  Des Moines-Ottumwa        OGL           Hawkeye Stages   1931 ITL
  S       567  Des Moines-Boone          OGL
  S       569  Davenport-Cedar Rapids    OGL
  S       964  Omaha-Harlan              OGL
  S            Harlan-Des Moines         OGL
  S      8365  Sidney-Clarinda           BTC(T)        Iowa Transit     1929 BTC
  S      8365  Shenandoah-Red Oak        BTC(T)        Iowa Transit     1929 BTC
  S            Leon-Clarinda             BTC(T)
  S      8380  Davenport-Omaha           BTC(T)        Columbia Pacif.  1934 BTC
  S      8380  Albia-Des Moines          BTC(T)  1935  ---------------  1935 BTC
  S      8387  Iowa City-Muscatine       BTC(T)  1936  M. C. Foster     1943 BTC
  S            Fort Madison-Centerville  BTC(T)        Arrow Coach L.   1946 BTC


Russell's Guide Table Numbers

Greyhound tables had numbers below 700, while Trailways tables had numbers above 7000. Table numbers in between were independent bus companies. Although Greyhound Lines of Canada, not covered here, had tables numbered in the low 700's.

Where no table number is indicated, service had been discontinued by then.

Further clues on Greyhound or Trailways affiliations are the presence of a "G" or a "T" in a company abbreviation. Trailways company abbreviations are followed by a "(T)". While abbreviations of certain Greyhound companies not obviously "Greyhound" in name are followed by a "(G)".

Over the years, certain Greyhound or Trailways or other routes were sold to the following independent bus companies, identified by the following Russell's Guide table numbers.



 749- 767  Jefferson Lines
 871- 874  Midwest Coaches
 964       Reid Bus Lines
1173       Scenic Stage Line
7095-7098  Burlington Trailways (new company)



GREYHOUND BUS COMPANIES

Overland Greyhound Lines (OGL) - incorporated 1952, acquiring Union Pacific Stages and Interstate Transit Lines (ITL). Interstate Transit Lines had been incorporated in 1921, and was acquired in 1929 by Union Pacific Railroad and Chicago & North Western Railroad as a joint bus subsidiary. And Union Pacific Stages had been formed in formed in 1927 as a bus subsidiary of Union Pacific Railroad. In 1932, Interstate Transit Lines and Union Pacific Stages acquired most of the routes operated by Pickwick-Greyhound Lines (PIG). Pickwick-Greyhound Lines had been formed in 1928 as a company jointly owned by Pickwick Stages and Greyhound, and was dissolved in 1933. Many of the Pickwick-Greyhound routes had been acquired in 1929 from Yelloway (YEL), which had been formed in 1925 as a group of independent operators to operate a transcontinental bus system. But competing service was introduced in 1929 by Interstate Transit Lines. In 1943, both Interstate Transit Lines and Union Pacific Stages began operating under name Overland Greyhound Lines. Consolidated 1956 into Northland Greyhound Lines, consolidated 1957 into Central Division of Greyhound.

Northland Greyhound Lines (NGL) - incorporated 1929, acquiring Northland Transportation Co. which had been incorporated in 1924, consolidated 1957 into Central Division of Greyhound.


TRAILWAYS BUS COMPANIES

Burlington Transportation Co./Burlington Trailways (BTC) - formed 1929 as bus subsidiary of Chicago Burlington & Quincy Railroad, in 1936 joined Trailways, sold 1946 to American Buslines, sold 1953 to Transcontinental Bus System/Continental Trailways.


INDEPENDENT BUS COMPANIES

Maps and further information on the significant independent bus companies, serving Iowa.


Go to Chicago Transit & Railfan Web Site