TRANSIT SYSTEMS IN ALABAMA

MAJOR CITIES


Anniston

Horse Car
1887-1888 - Anniston Street Railway Co.
1888-1896 - Anniston City Street Railway Co.
1888-1897 - Anniston City Electric Railway Co.
1896 - horse cars replaced with electric streetcars
1897-1899 - Anniston Electric Co.

Steam Dummy
1890-1899 - Oxford Lake Line Railway Co.
1891 - steam dummy replaced with electric streetcars

1899-1913 - Anniston Electric & Gas Co.
1913-1932 - Alabama Power Co.
1932 - streetcars replaced with buses operated by new company

1932-1954 - Crescent Motors
After 1954 - Anniston Transit

CURRENT TRANSIT SYSTEM
East Alabama Regional


Birmingham

Mule Car
1884-1887 - Birmingham Street Railway Co.
1887-1890 - Birmingham Union Railway Co.
1890-1900 - Birmingham Railway & Electric Co.
1892-1898 - mule cars replaced with electric streetcars

Steam Dummy
1885-1904 - several companies

1900-1925 - Birmingham Railway Light & Power Co.
1925-1951 - Birmingham Electric Co.
1936 - buses introduced
1947-1958 - operated trolleybuses
1953 - streetcars discontinued

1951-1964 - Birmingham Transit Co.
1964-1972 - Birmingham Transit Co. (American Transit Corp.)

CURRENT TRANSIT SYSTEM (SINCE 1972)
Birmingham-Jefferson County Transit Authority

Historic suburban/interurban bus lines operated by several companies (mostly a 1952 sampling)


Gadsden

Horse Car/Steam Dummy
1887-1890 - Gadsden Land & Improvement Co.
1890-1901 - Gadsden & Attalla Union Railway Co.
1887-1895 - operated horse cars
1888-1899 - operated steam dummy
1899 - steam dummy replaced with electric streetcars

1901-1919 - Alabama City Gadsden & Attalla Railway Co.
1919-1933 - Alabama Power Co.
1930's - buses introduced
1933 - streetcars replaced with buses operated by new company

1933-1954 - Crescent Motors
After 1954 - Gadsden Transit

CURRENT TRANSIT SYSTEM
Gadsden Transit Services


Huntsville

Steam Dummy
1889-1897 - Huntsville Belt Line & Monte Sano Railway Co.

Electric Streetcar
1900-1908 - Huntsville Railway Light & Power Co.
1908-1912 - Huntsville Chattanooga & Birmingham Interurban Railway Light & Power Co.
1912-1913 - Huntsville Railway Light & Power Co.
1913-1931 - Alabama Power Co.
1931 - streetcars replaced with buses operated by new company

1931-1954 - Crescent Motors
After 1954 - Huntsville Transit Co.
Period of no transit service

CURRENT TRANSIT SYSTEM (SINCE 1990)
Orbit


Mobile

Horse Car
1860-1887 - City Railroad Co.
1887-1892 - Mobile Street Railway Co.
1892-1897 - Mobile Street Railroad Co.
1893-1894 - horse cars replaced with electric streetcars

1897-1939 - Mobile Light & Railroad Co.
1939 - streetcars replaced with buses operated by new National City Lines subsidiary

1939-1971 - Mobile City Lines (National City Lines)
1971-1995 - Mobile Transit Authority
1995-2005 - Metro Transit

CURRENT TRANSIT SYSTEM (SINCE 2005)
The Wave Transit System

Historic suburban/interurban bus lines operated by several companies (mostly a 1952 sampling)


Montgomery

1886-1889 - Capitol City Electric Street Railway Co.
1889-1894 - Montgomery Terminal & Street Railway Co.
1894-1906 - Montgomery Street Railway Co.
1906-1911 - Montgomery Traction Co.
1911-1923 - Montgomery Light & Traction Co.
1923-1936 - Alabama Power Co.
1930's - buses introduced
1936 - streetcars replaced with buses operated by new National City Lines subsidiary

1936-1974 - Montgomery City Lines (National City Lines)
1955 - Rosa Parks arrested for refusing to give up her seat on bus
1956 - U. S. Supreme Court bans segregation on buses after year of boycotts

CURRENT TRANSIT SYSTEM (SINCE 1974)
Montgomery Area Transit System

Historic suburban/interurban bus lines operated by several companies (mostly a 1952 sampling)


Tuscaloosa

Horse Car
1886-1891 - Tuscaloosa & Lake Lorraine Street Railway Co.
1891-1897 - Tuscaloosa Street Railway Co.

Steam Dummy
1887-1907 - Tuscaloosa Belt Railway Co.
1907-1913 - Birmingham & Gulf Railway & Navigation Co.
1913-1915 - Birmingham-Tuscaloosa Railway & Utilities Co.
1915 - steam dummy replaced with electric streetcars

1915-1923 - Tuscaloosa Railway & Utilities Co.
1923-1947 - Alabama Power Co.
1941 - streetcars replaced with buses

1947-1964 - Druid City Transit (American Transit Corp.)
1965-1971 - Tuscaloosa Transit Co.

CURRENT TRANSIT SYSTEM (SINCE 1971)
Tuscaloosa Transit Authority


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