GRAND RAPIDS TRANSIT HISTORY

1865 - First of several companies introduces horse car service in Grand Rapids.

1885 - All horse car companies consolidated into Street Railway Co. of Grand Rapids.

1887 - Cable car service introduced by Valley City Cable Railway.

1890 - Street Railway Co. of Grand Rapids and Valley City Cable Railway merge into Consolidated Street Railway of Grand Rapids.

1891 - Conversion of cable car lines to electric streetcars begins.

1900 - Consolidated Street Railway of Grand Rapids sold to Grand Rapids Railway.

1902 - Grand Rapids, Grand Haven & Muskegon Railway completes interurban line between its namesake cities. Grand Rapids, Holland & Lake Michigan Rapid Railway Co. completes interurban line from Grand Rapids to Holland and Saugatuck.

1904 - Grand Rapids, Holland & Lake Michigan Rapid Railway Co. reorganized as Grand Rapids, Holland & Chicago Railway.

1910 - Commonwealth Power Railway & Light Co. incorporated, acquires Grand Rapids Railway Co. as a subsidiary.

1915 - Michigan Railway Co. completes interurban line from Grand Rapids to Kalamazoo, utilizing private right of way within Grand Rapids. Grand Rapids, Holland & Chicago Railway also begins using private right of way route within Grand Rapids.

1919 - Michigan Railway Co. reorganized to Michigan Railroad Co.

1922 - Commonwealth Power Co. incorporated as subsidiary of Commonwealth Power Railway & Light Co., controlling Grand Rapids Railway Co.

1923 - First bus route introduced in Grand Rapids.

1924 - Electric Railway Securities Co. incorporated as a separate new holding company, affiilated with Commonwealth Power Co. Grand Rapids Railway Co. becomes subsidiary of Union Railway Gas & Electric Co., formerly a subsidiary of Commonwealth Power Co.

1926 - Grand Rapids, Holland & Chicago Railway abandons line. Michigan Railroad Co. abandons private right of way route within Grand Rapids, using instead using local streetcar route.

1927 - Grand Rapids Railway Co. reorganized as Grand Rapids Railroad Co.

1928 - Grand Rapids, Grand Haven & Muskegon Railway and Michigan Railroad Co abandon lines, ending interurban railway service in Grand Rapids.

1930 - Grand Rapids Railroad Co. becomes separate company from Union Railway Gas & Electric Co.

1935 - Last local streetcar service replaced with buses.

1938 - Grand Rapids Railroad Co. renamed Grand Rapids Motor Coach Co.

1954 - Grand Rapids Motor Coach Co. sold to City Coach Lines Inc., renamed Grand Rapids City Coach Lines.

1963 - Grand Rapids City Coach Lines becomes publicly owned Grand Rapids Transit Authority.

1978 - Grand Rapids Transit Authority becomes Grand Rapids Area Transit Authority.

2000 - Grand Rapids Area Transit Authority becomes known as Interurban Transit Partnership.


ADDITIONAL PRIVATE SUBURBAN COMPANIES IN 1952

The 1952 "Mass Transportation's Directory" provides an interesting "snapshot", of what obscure bus companies had coexisted with the main transit providers.


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