"Trenitalia" (Train Italy) is the new marketing name for what has been known as Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane (FS), or Italian State Railways.
The goal for this page was to describe the typical train operations by track numbers at Italy's largest stations, as is done with other European countries. Many FS services operate on hourly memory patterns, but many services operate with less regularity. Thus not many definite patterns could be found for track assignments in the stations. The major stations in Italy are thus covered in more general terms.
Each of the cities covered has one centrally located stub ended terminal station. Most of these cities also have at least one outlying through station, enabling certain trains to avoid the reversing move needed to serve the terminal station. These are mentioned. In addition, most of these cities have additional terminals used by suburban or regional trains, some of which are independent or narrow gauge. These are not mentioned. For all of these stations, English language Wikipedia links are included, containing further information and history.
Trenitalia - official FS Web site, English home page.
Torino-Milano-Bologna-Firenze-Roma-Napoli-Salerno-Reggio Di Calabria
In 1905, the railways of Italy became Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane (FS).
The basic trains operated by FS are identified as Inter City (IC), Regionale Veloce (RV), and Regionale (R). Intercity trains are more express in nature, making fewer stops. For the RV trains, Veloce means fast. In more recent years, FS has introduced "Alta Velocita", or High Speed trains, operating over new segments.
Main lines are electrified at 3,000 volts DC, overhead. In recent years, FS and other European railway systems have been constructing entirely new railway segments for high speed operation. Something which unfortunately has been severely lagging in the U. S. Amtrak's fastest trains are the Acela trains between New Haven and Boston. But those trains still use the same curvy New Haven right of way, with few segments capable of handling high speed operation. The new FS high speed segments use the standard voltage of northern France, 25,000 volts AC, instead of the Italian standard 3,000 volts DC.
The Italian Railways use left hand operation.