BOSTON TRANSIT ROUTES

CONCISE HISTORY

Route numbers were first publicly used on bus routes in the late 1960's. Route numbers are generally numbered according to direction from downtown Boston, proceeding clockwise from southeast to northeast.

The original numbering system also included the subway lines. During the late 1960's, route numbers 1-2-3 became the color coded Red Line, Orange Line, and Blue Line. The "light rail" Green Line had various route numbers for the different branches, prior to adoption of letters for the branches. In addition, the Red Line extension from Ashmont to Mattapan, more of a light rail nature, was previously route number 28.

In 1968 and 1972 respectively, the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority acquired the Eastern Massachusetts Street Railway (EMSR), and the Middlesex & Boston Street Railway (M&B), both operating primarily in the suburbs. Most routes were originally assigned higher numbers, but some routes were assigned lower "city" numbers, if their operations were transferred to the "city" system bus garages. A few M&B routes were acquired from Lovell Bus Lines in 1953.

In addition, routes 33 and 130 replaced buses, which had been operated by Pierce Bus Lines and Service Bus Lines respectively. Routes were acquired in 1959 and 1975 respectively.

"CT" stands for Crosstown, for a group of three routes introduced in 1994.

Discontinued routes are in parentheses. Where two dates are listed, routes generally were converted from streetcar to trolleybus, and trolleybus to motor bus on those respective dates. "SC to bus" indicates conversion dates directly from streetcar to bus. Little information is available on dates for newly created bus routes.

Not listed are routes newly created by the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority, but later discontinued.



Route   Route                           Trolleybus  Motor   Subsequent
Number  Name                            Or Prior    Bus     History
                                        History

   1   Harvard-Massachusetts Ave.       from  76  1962
   1   Massachusetts Ave.-Dudley        from  47  1962
  (2)  South Station-North Station      from  53  1966      disc.   4/  /81
  (4)  GREEN D-Riverside                                    LIGHT RAIL
   4   World Trade Center               new bus    9/  /98
  (5)  Fish Pier-South Station                              disc.   6/  /68
  (5A) South Station-Haymarket                              to   6 1975 
   5   McCormack Housing                new bus    4/  /77
  (6)  Army Base-South Station                              disc.   1/  /05
  (6)  South Station-Haymarket          from   5A 1975      disc.  2009
   7   City Point-South Station         SC to bus  6/20/53
   8   Columbia Point                   new bus   1954
   8   Savin Hill-Kenmore               from  13   4/  /81
   9   City Point-Copley via Broadway   SC to bus 12/ 5/53
  10   City Point-Copley via Andrew     SC to bus 12/ 5/53
  10   Boston City Hospital-Copley      from  68   5/  /87
  11   Bay View-Kneeland/Washington     SC to bus  1/19/29
 (12)  Savin Hill-Andrew                                    to  18 1962
 (13)  Savin Hill-Northampton                               to   8  4/  /81
 (14)  Freeport/Mill Sts.                                   disc.  11/  /79
  14   Heath St.-Ruggles                from  46   3/  /02
  14   Roslindale Sq.-Ruggles           new bus    9/  /86
  15   Kane Sq.-Ruggles                 12/25/48   4/ 6/62
  16   Forest Hills-Andrew              12/10/49   4/ 6/62
  17   Fields Corner-Andrew              2/12/49   4/ 6/62
  18   Savin Hill-Andrew                from 12   1962
  18   Ashmont-Andrew
  19   Fields Corner-Ruggles             1/ 8/49   4/ 6/62
 (20)  Fields Corner-Neponset           SC to bus  6/19/48  to 201  3/  /05
 (21)  Fields Corner-Adams St.          SC to bus  unknown  to  20  9/  /62
  21   Ashmont-Forest Hills             new bus    6/  /63
  22   Ashmont-Ruggles via Talbot        1/ 8/49   4/ 6/62
  23   Ashmont-Ruggles via Washington    1/ 8/49   4/ 7/62
 (24)  Hallet Sq.-Ashmont                                   to 215  6/  /76
  24   Wakefield Ave.-Mattapan          from 31A  1966
 (25)  Washington St.-Ashmont           SC to bus 1928      to  26  4/  /81
  26   Norfolk St.-Ruggles              SC to bus 1928
  26   Washington St.-Ashmont           from 25    4/  /81
  27   Mattapan-Ashmont via River St.   SC to bus 1933
 (28)  RED Ashmont-Mattapan                                 LIGHT RAIL
  28   Mattapan-Ruggles via Blue Hill   sup. bus   5/  /87
  29   Mattapan-Jackson Sq.             SC to bus  9/10/55
  30   Mattapan-Forest H. via Cummins   SC to bus  4/25/53
 (30A) Mattapan-Arborway via Cummins    SC to bus  4/25/53  disc.   4/  /81
 (31)  Wolcott Sq.-Mattapan             SC to bus  4/25/53  to  32  4/  /81
  31   Mattapan-Forest H. via Blue H.   sup. bus  12/  /89
 (31A) Wakefield Ave.-Mattapan                              to  24 1966
  32   Cleary Sq.-Forest Hills          TB to bus 10/ 1/58
  32   Wolcott Sq.-Forest Hills         from 31    4/  /81
  33   Dedham Line-Mattapan             Pierce BL  1/  /59
  34   Dedham Line-Forest Hills         11/22/52   9/ 6/58
  34E  East Walpole-Forest Hills        EMSR SC    6/12/32
  35   Centre/Spring Sts.-Forest Hills
  36   Charles River-Forest Hills        9/29/51   9/ 6/58
 (36)  Forest Hills-Readville Manor     M&B 37              disc.   6/  /74
 (37)  VFW Parkway-Roslindale Sq.                           to  51 1961
  37   Baker/Vermont-Forest Hills       from 35   10/  /61
  38   Wren St.-Forest Hills
  39   Forest Hills-Back Bay Station    SC to bus 12/28/85  WAS GREEN LINE
 (40)  Arborway-Egleston                SC to bus 12/17/55  to  42  4/  /81
  40   Georgetowne-Forest Hills         new bus   12/  /73
  41   Jamaica Plain-Dudley             SC to bus  6/ 8/49
  41   Dudley St.                       sup. bus   3/  /02
  42   Forest Hills-Dudley              SC to bus  9/17/49
  42   Arborway-Egleston                from 40    4/  /81
  43   Ruggles-Tremont                  SC to bus 11/18/61
  44   Seaver St.-Ruggles via Humboldt   1/29/49   3/31/61
  45   Grove Hall-Ruggles via Blue H.   12/25/48   4/ 6/62
 (46)  Heath St.-Dudley                                     to  14  3/  /02
 (47)  Massachusetts Ave.-Dudley        SC to bus  9/12/53  to   1 1962
  47   Brookline/Granite-Green/Pearl    from 67    9/  /75
  47   Boston City Hospital-Kenmore     new bus    4/  /72
 (48)  Northampton-Dover via Albany     SC to bus  3/ 5/38  disc.   4/  /81
 (48)  Jamaica Plain Loop               new bus    3/  /73  disc.   7/ 1/12
 (49)  Northampton-Kneeland/Washington                      SILVER  7/20/02
  50   Cleary Sq.-Forest Hills
  51   Cleveland Circle-Forest Hills
  51   VFW Parkway-Roslindale Sq.       from 37   1961
 (52)  Copley Sta.-South Sta.                               disc.   6/  /71
  52   Dedham Mall-Watertown            M&B 33  bus  1932
 (53)  South Station-North Station                          to   2 1966
 (54)  Copley Sta.-Bowdoin                                  disc.   6/  /71
  55   Queensberry-Boylston
 (56)  Amesbury-Kendall via Vassar St.  new bus   1947      disc.   6/  /71
 (57)  GREEN E-Heath                                        LIGHT RAIL
  57   Watertown-Kenmore                SC to bus  6/20/69  WAS GREEN LINE
 (58)  Cypress-Kenmore via Boylston     SC to bus 1932      disc.  12/  /85
 (59)  Chestnut Hill-Forest Hills                           disc.  11/  /79
  59   Needham-Watertown                M&B 32 SC  1/ 1/28
  60   Chestnut Hill-Kenmore            SC to bus 1932
 (61)  GREEN C-Cleveland Circle                             LIGHT RAIL
 (61)  Lexington-Waltham                M&B 25 SC  7/16/25  to  70 12/  /89
 (62)  GREEN B-Boston College                               LIGHT RAIL
  62   Bedford VA-Alewife               M&B 29 SC  9/16/24
 (63)  Cleveland Circle-Central Sq.                         to  86 12/  /89
  64   Oak Sq.-Central Sq. Cambridge
  65   Brighton Center-Kenmore          SC to bus 1920's
  66   Allston-Dudley via Brookline     SC to bus  9/10/38
 (67)  Brookline/Granite-Green/Pearl                        to  47  9/  /75
  67   Turkey Hill-Alewife              M&B 30 (Lovell)
 (68)  Boston City Hospital-Copley                          to  10  5/  /87
 (68)  West Newton St.                                      disc.   5/  /87
  68   Harvard-Kendall via Broadway     from 75    9/  /98 
 (69)  GREEN A-Watertown                SC to bus  6/21/69  to  57  6/21/69
  69   Harvard-Lechmere via Cambridge   from 77   1966
  70   Cambridge-Watertown               6/17/50   3/31/61
  70   Watertown-Waltham                M&B 23 SC  6/ 9/28
  71   Watertown-Harvard                 9/ 5/58            STILL TB
  72   Huron Ave.-Harvard via Concord    4/ 2/38            STILL TB
  73   Waverley-Harvard                  9/ 5/58            STILL TB
  74   Belmont-Harvard via Concord
 (75)  Harvard-Kendall via Broadway                         to  68  9/  /98
  75   Fresh Pond Pkwy.                 new bus   12/  /89
 (76)  Harvard-Massachusetts Ave.        9/19/49   3/31/61  to   1 1962
 (76)  First & Monroe-Kendall           new bus   1934      disc.   6/  /71
  76   Hanscom Field-Alewife            M&B 28 (Lovell)
 (77)  Harvard-Lechmere via Cambridge    4/11/36   3/31/63  to  69 1966
  77   North Cambridge-Harvard          from 79   1966      STILL TB
  77   Arlington Heights-Harvard        from 82   1966
  78   Park Circle-Harvard
 (79)  North Cambridge-Harvard           9/ 5/58  STILL TB  to  77 1966
  79   Arlington Heights-Alewife        sup. bus  12/  /85
  80   Arlington Center-Lechmere         7/ 9/32   3/29/63
 (81)  Arlington Ctr.-Clarendon Hill    SC to bus  unknown  to  87 1963
 (82)  Arlington Heights-Harvard        SC to bus  9/ 5/58  to  77 1966
  83   Porter Sq.-Central Sq.
  83   Rindge Ave.                      new bus   12/  /74
 (84)  Spring Hill-Kendall                                  to  85 1960
  84   Arlmont-Harvard Sta.             new bus    6/  /53
  85   Spring Hill-Kendall              from  84  1960
  86   Allston-Somerville
  86   Cleveland Circle-Central Sq.     from 63   12/  /89
  87   Clarendon Hill-Lechmere          SC to bus 11/ 8/41
  87   Arlington Ctr.-Clarendon Hill    from 81   1963
  88   Clarendon-Lechmere via Highland  11/ 8/41   3/30/63
  89   Clarendon Hill-Sullivan          12/ 7/46   3/30/63
  90   Davis Sq.-Sullivan               unknown   11/15/56
  91   Sullivan-Central Sq.
  92   Sullivan-Haymarket via Main      SC to bus  4/ 3/48
  93   Sullivan-Haymarket via Bunker H  SC to bus  7/ 2/49
 (94)  Davis-Sullivan                                       disc.  10/  /79
  94   Medford-Sq.-Davis Station        new bus    6/  /84
  95   West Medford-Sullivan
  96   Medford Sq.-Harvard
 (97)  Salem St.-Everett                                    disc.  12/  /75
  97   Malden-Wellington via Hancock    new bus    3/  /76
 (98)  Logan Airport                                        disc.   6/  /76
  99   Upper Highland-Everett
 100   Elm St.-Sullivan via Fellsway    SC to bus 12/17/55
(100A) Reading-Stoneham                 EMSR SC   1924      disc.   6/  /71
(100A) Stoneham-Sullivan                EMSR SC    7/28/46  disc.   6/  /71
 101   Salem St.-Sullivan                4/19/47   3/14/59
(102)  Malden-Faulkner                  unknown    3/29/63  to 105  9/  /69
(103)  Malden-Everett via Main          SC to bus  unknown  to 106  4/  /62
(103)  Medford Sq.-Sullivan                                 to 134 12/  /70
(103A) Medford Sq.-Malden Sq.                               disc.  12/  /74
 104   Malden-Everett via Ferry         unknown    3/30/63
 105   Faulkner-Everett                 unknown    3/30/63
 105   Malden-Faulkner                  from 102   9/  /69
 106   Malden-Everett via Main          from 103  1963
 106   Lebanon St.-Everett              unknown    3/30/63
(107)  North Broadway-Everett                               to 430 12/  /76
 108   Linden-Sullivan
 109   Linden-Everett via Broadway      unknown    3/30/63
 110   Wonderland-Everett               unknown    3/30/63
 111   Woodlawn-City Sq.                SC to bus  5/ 8/37
 112   Malden Sq.-City Sq.              unknown    6/24/61
(113)  Wonderland-Malden via Ferry      unknown   1957      disc.  1987
 114   Bellingham Sq.-Maverick           1/ 5/52   4/ 1/61
(115)  Gladstone-Maverick                1/ 5/52            disc.   6/  /55
 116   Wonderland-Wood Isl. via Revere   1/ 5/52   9/ 9/61
 117   Wonderland-Wood Isl. via Beach    1/ 5/52   9/ 9/61
(118)  Revere Carhouse-Maverick          1/ 5/52            disc.   6/  /55
 119   Revere City Hall-Beachmont       SC to bus 10/10/36
 120   Orient Heights-Maverick          unknown    9/ 9/61
 120   Maverick-Jeffries Point          from 122   3/  /69
 120   Orient Heights-Waldemar Ave.     from 123   3/  /69
 121   Wood Island-Maverick              1/ 5/52   3/31/61
(122)  Maverick-Jeffries Point          SC to bus  4/24/49  to 120  3/  /69
(123)  Orient Heights-Waldemar Ave.                         to 120  3/  /69
(130)  Wyoming Sq.-Melrose via Malden   Service Bus   1975  to 132  1/  /05
 131   Wyoming-Melrose via East Side    EMSR SC    8/ 2/31
(132)  Wakefield-Stoneham-Winchester    EMSR SC    7/ 8/29  disc.   6/  /71
(132)  Winchester-Arlington             EMSR SC    8/ 2/31  disc.   6/  /71
 132   Redstone-Malden via Wyoming      from 130   1/  /05
(133)  Woburn-Malden via Stoneham       EMSR SC    8/ 2/31  disc.   9/  /78
 134   North Woburn-Medford             EMSR SC    8/ 2/31
(135)  Reading-Wakefield                EMSR SC   1924      to 136 1982
 136   Reading-Malden via Wakefield     EMSR SC    8/ 2/31
 137   Reading-Malden via North Ave.    EMSR SC    8/ 2/31
 170   Burlington Indust.-Dudley        new bus    6/  /68
 171   Dudley-Logan Airport             new bus    3/  /02
 201   Fields Corner-Neponset           from  20   3/  /05
 202   Fields Corner-Neponset           from  20   3/  /05

Route   Route                           Trolleybus  Motor   Subsequent
Number  Name                            Or Prior    Bus     History
                                        History

 CT1   Cambridge-B.U. Medical Center    sup. bus   9/  /94
 CT2   Sullivan-Ruggles                 sup. bus   9/  /94
 CT3   Beth Israel-Andrew               sup. bus   9/  /94


SUBURBAN BUS COMPANIES

Further information on these additional bus companies which existed in the suburbs. Includes web links to present private bus companies, whose routes did not directly evolve to MBTA routes.


Electric Interurban Railways In Massachusetts

Includes further information on these interurban railways.


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