ATLANTA TRANSIT ROUTES

CONCISE HISTORY

In 1972, the publicly owned Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority (MARTA) acquired the privately owned Atlanta Transit System, and its subsidiary Metropolitan Transit System. This page lists MARTA routes which can trace their histories back to the privately owned transit companies. Some routes were eventually discontinued by MARTA. Other routes were restructured going into the 21st Century, and are identified using the more recent numbers and names. And since its formation MARTA added many new bus routes, which are not listed.

MARTA was originally formed to serve Fulton County and De Kalb County. Clayton County, from 2001 to 2010, had an independent system Clayton County Transit. In 2014, voters in Clayton County approved becoming part of MARTA. And in 2015, MARTA introduced its first new routes in Clayton County.

In 1871, the Atlanta Street Railroad Co. began operating the first mule cars. Eventually there were six operating street railway companies, which in 1891 merged into the Atlanta Consolidated Street Railway Co. Between 1889 and 1894, electric operation was adopted for all streetcar lines.

In 1899, the Atlanta Consolidated Street Railway Co. was succeeded by the Atlanta Railway & Power Co. Meanwhile, a new competing company had been formed, the Atlanta Rapid Transit Co. And several more street railway companies were formed, all to be acquired by either of the two companies. But in 1901, streetcar unification was achieved again, when the Atlanta Railway & Power Co. and the Atlanta Rapid Transit Co. merged into Georgia Railway & Electric Co. In 1911 that company changed its name to Georgia Railway & Power Co., and in 1926 was renamed Georgia Power Co.

In 1929, Inter-City Coach Lines was formed, to operate buses between Atlanta and the suburbs. Including to Stone Mountain, competing with a Georgia Power interurban railway line. But that bus company had problems in obtaining the needed regulatory authority to operate, and soon shut down. In 1931, Transco Co. was formed, with ties to Inter-City Coach Lines, and was able to obtain the needed authority. In 1937, the Transco operation was taken over by Suburban Coach Co., also with the same ties.

In 1950, Georgia Power Co. sold the transit operation to Atlanta Transit System (ATS). And in 1951, Atlanta Transit System acquired Suburban Coach Co., forming a wholly owned subsidiary known as Metropolitan Transit System (MTS). Those companies existed until 1972, when they were acquired by MARTA.

Nearly all streetcar routes were converted to trolleybuses, before finally being converted to motor buses. Dashed lines indicate routes converted directly from streetcars to motor buses. All trolleybus routes were former streetcar routes, except for Route 26 Perry Homes (now Perry Blvd.). That route was introduced 1/24/55 with motor buses, but used trolleybuses from 11/ 1/56 to 9/27/63.

Where a date is preceded with "New Bus", that route was originally created as a motor bus route. Where dates are unavailable, those routes were originally created as motor bus routes.

MTS route numbers were preceded with the letter M. Many Georgia Power and ATS route numbers had letter suffixes designating branches. Such letters are not always indicated.



MARTA  Route                    ATS/MTS       Trolley  Motor
Number Name                     Route Number  Bus      Bus

  1  Marietta Blvd./Coronet Way      1C       1/23/49   9/27/63
  2  Ponce de Leon                   2       12/29/46   9/ 9/63
  3  Auburn Ave./M.L.King Jr.        3        2/13/49   9/ 9/63
  3  Inman Park                      3I       2/13/49   9/ 9/63
  4  Georgia State/Moreland          4F      11/21/48   9/27/63
  5  Piedmont Rd./Sandy Springs    M 5        New Bus   8/  /39
  6  Emory                           6       12/29/46   9/14/63
  9  Toney Valley                  M 9        New Bus  1954
 12  Howell Mill                     1H       1/23/49   9/27/63
 13  Fair St./North Ave.            13       11/28/48   9/21/63
 16  Noble                          27M       9/ 3/45   9/14/63
 20  College Park                   20        6/27/37   9/14/63
 21  Memorial Drive                M10        New Bus  1954
 24  East Lake/Hosea Williams       18        1/15/49   9/21/63
 25  Peachtree Industrial Blvd.     29        New Bus   6/13/56
 26  English                        11        2/ 5/49   9/21/63
 26  Perry Blvd.                    26        New Bus   1/24/55
 27  Monroe Dr./Cheshire Bridge     27M      11/17/46   9/ 9/63
 29  Chamblee/Donaldson             29        New Bus   6/13/56
 30  La Vista                      M30        New Bus   6/13/56
 31  Lindbergh/Morningside          31W      --------   7/ 1/38
 31  Grant Park                     31M      --------   6/22/41
 32  Georgia Av.                     6       11/17/46   9/ 1/63
 32  Eastland/Bouldercrest           1S       1/15/49   9/27/63
 33  Briarcliff                    M65
 36  Virginia                       45        New Bus  12/ 6/25
 36  North Decatur                   6C       New Bus   3/ 8/25
 37  Loring Hts./Defoors Ferry      37        New Bus   1/24/49
 38  Chastain Park                 M71
 40  West Paces Ferry              M 4
 42  McDaniel                       11        8/11/46   9/21/63
 42  Pryor Street/Carver            42       --------   3/16/36
 46  Boulevard/St.Charles            6B      11/17/46   9/14/63
 49  Atlanta Av.                     6       11/17/46   9/ 1/63
 50  Hollowell Pkwy.               M 8
 50  Collier Heights                57        New Bus  11/27/26
 51  Boone Blvd. (Simpson)         M14        New Bus   3/21/55
 51  Atlanta University             35M      --------   1/23/49
 51  Dixie Hills                   M14        New Bus   3/21/55
 53  Grove Park/Skipper Dr.        M 8
 55  Hank Aaron Dr./Grady Hosp.      6       11/17/46   9/ 1/63
 55  Cleveland Ave./Jonesboro Rd.   55
 56  Adamsville                     56        New Bus  1939
 58  Atlanta Ind./Hollywood        M 8
 60  Hightower/Moores Mill          57        New Bus  11/27/26
 60  Bolton                         19        4/10/49   9/21/63
 64  Beecher                        47        New Bus  11/26/29
 67  West End                        2W      11/21/48   9/ 9/63
 68  Donnelly                       47        New Bus  11/26/29
 74  Flat Shoals/South DeKalb      M74
 79  Sylvan Hills/Friendly         M79
 81  Venetian                      M 3
 83  Campbellton/Greenbriar        M 3
 84  East Point/Camp Creek         M 3
 86  McAfee                        M 7
 93  Willingham Dr./Delowe Dr.      20        6/27/37   9/14/63
 95  Metropolitan Pkwy.             27H       New Bus   9/16/35
 95  Hapeville                     M54
 98  West End/Arts Center           37S      --------   7/11/37

MARTA  Route                    ATS/MTS       Trolley  Motor
Number Name                     Route Number  Bus      Bus

107  Glenwood                      M 9        New Bus  1954
110  The Peach                      10        3/ 9/47   9/ 1/63
110  Peachtree Rd./Buckhead         23        8/24/40   9/ 1/63
114  Columbia Woods                M10        New Bus  1954
115  Covington Road                M10        New Bus  1954
117  Georgia Perimeter College     M22
120  E. Ponce de Leon              M20        New Bus   8/23/29
123  Decatur/Candler Park          M12        New Bus   2/ 6/56
123  Belvedere                     M10        New Bus  1954
155  Lakewood                       17L       2/ 5/49   9/21/63
162  Alison/Headland               M62
172  Sylvan Hills                   16S       8/11/46   9/14/63
172  Virginia Ave                   72        New Bus  1949
178  Empire Blvd.                  M54
180  Fairburn/Palmetto             M 2        New Bus   3/30/29

Route 120 to Stone Mountain originally competed with a Georgia Power interurban railway line, which was discontinued 3/14/48.


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